A beautiful smile can enhance your facial beauty to a large extent. But when it comes to achieving an appealing smile, having pearly white teeth or perfectly set teeth should not be your only concern. Sometimes, our teeth develop ugly dark stains in different parts, which become visible as we open our mouth wide. Such discoloration makes us hold our beautiful smile back. If you have also spotted such black spots on the teeth but have no idea what exactly to do in order to get rid of them, we have got you covered. Know the possible cause of such teeth stains, effective home remedies to remove them, and other treatment options to consider.
Symptoms Of Black Spots On The Teeth
Black spots are usually caused by the erosion or damage of the enamel on the teeth. They can also be an indication of a serious oral problem, such as tooth decay, cavity, dental caries, etc. Typically, the teeth do not change their color from whitish to black just overnight. The stains may appear brown or gray at first and turn black over time. In some rare cases, the teeth may develop small black dots themselves. These black spots can appear anywhere on the teeth – on the front or at the back. You can notice dark lines on the biting surface of your molars or find tiny black dots on one or multiple grooves. But in children, they often occur near the gumline (1).
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Possible Causes Of Black Spots On The Teeth
Before trying home remedies for black spots on the teeth, it is essential to find out the actual causes behind them. This will help you address the problem accordingly. Let’s take a look at the possible causes:
1. Poor Oral Hygiene
Not rinsing your mouth well after each meal or not brushing your teeth properly twice a day can cause black spots. Make sure that you follow a good oral hygiene practice by brushing your teeth twice a day (once in the morning and once at night) and flossing regularly. Also, rinse your mouth thoroughly after every meal in order to get rid of any food particles deposited between the teeth.
2. Bad Food Habits
Eating foods that are loaded with sugar or drinking carbonated beverages are not good for the health of your teeth. When you consume such foods and they get deposited between your teeth, your mouth becomes the breeding ground for bacteria. These bacteria are known to feed on the sugar and destroy the enamel on the teeth over time. Hence, cut down on such foods as much as possible and rinse your mouth every time you eat something sweet.
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Smoking is another common cause of teeth discoloration. Habitual smoking makes the surface of the teeth stained to brown or black. If you want to avoid it, you have to kick the habit altogether.
4. Intake Of Tea/Coffee
Consuming too much tea or coffee can cause teeth staining. They contain caffeine, which stains the teeth to brown or black color. Moreover, the use of sugar in these beverages can promote bacterial staining of teeth.
5. Chewing Tobacco
Chewing tobacco is another cause behind the occurrence of black spots on the teeth as the liquid in tobacco comes into direct contact with teeth. It is not only harmful to the teeth but also for our overall health.
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Home Remedies For Black Spots On The Teeth
If the staining of your teeth is not very severe, a few effective tips and home remedies would help you restore your genial smile easily. These are as follows:
1. Following Good Dental Hygiene
Nothing can be more important than following proper dental hygiene. Make it a point to brush your teeth twice every day with a fluoride toothpaste. Swish your mouth with a high-quality mouthwash every time you eat or drink something. Also, do not forget to floss your teeth to remove any food particles deposited in the interdental gap. This is one of the major breeding grounds for bacteria.
2. Chewing On Raw Greens
Chewing on a lot of raw greens can help you keep your teeth clean, white, and stain-free. You can munch on veggies like celery, lettuce, etc., which not only keep your teeth clean but also keep your breath fresh.
3. Brushing With Baking Soda
Add a pinch of baking soda to your toothpaste before you brush. It has great abrasive properties, which help in eliminating superfluous stains easily. For more stubborn spots, make a paste of baking soda with water and apply it directly to your teeth in a circular motion. Scrubbing your teeth gently yet well will rid them of any stain.
4. Rubbing With Salt
Rubbing the teeth with a pinch of salt will restore their mineral content while removing the spots gradually. Prolonged use of this remedy will make your teeth completely free of black spots.
5. Using Orange Peel
Rubbing the teeth with the inner part of an orange peel helps in removing stains and spots from the teeth. Make sure that you focus on the affected part of the teeth during the process.
6. Applying Strawberry Mixture
Make a paste by mixing the strawberry pulp with baking soda and salt. Rub it daily onto your teeth for 5-10 minutes. In this procedure, vitamin C in the fruit will remove the plaque while malic acid will eliminate the black stain.
Avoid foods like beets, grapes, etc. that can stain the teeth. Use a straw while drinking caffeinated drinks.
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Other Treatment Options To Consider
The staining or black spots reflect poorly on one’s dental hygiene and general habits. Hence, scheduling regular dental visits is vital to stay away from this. In most cases, a simple scaling can eliminate the issue. If tartar is the cause, scraping the buildup off your teeth will eliminate the issue completely. Brushing the teeth with pumice powder may also work. But most black spots on the teeth are recurrent and hence, the professional cleaning can be required to resolve the aesthetic problem. However, ultrasonic cleaning is never recommended for this purpose as it can lead to enamel removal.
If the black spots on the teeth do not go away with any of the aforementioned home remedies, then it is best to consult a dentist immediately to fix the discoloration. The longer you will allow the severe damage, the higher will be your risk of losing the tooth. So, be careful!
- “What Causes Teeth To turn Balck?“, MedicalNewsToday.com